Physicians’ experiences of providing emergency care to undocumented migrants arriving in Spain by small boats
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Jiménez-Lasserrotte, María Del Mar
Ruiz-Fernández, María Dolores
Hernández Padilla, José Manuel
Fernández Medina, Isabel María
López-Rodríguez, María Del Mar
Introduction: Access to emergency care for undocumented migrants (UMs) is a public health problem. Spain receives thousands of UMs who arrive by sea. A multidisciplinary team of the Spanish Red Cross, made up of physicians, nurses, police, and cultural mediators, developed emergency care for UMs. Aim: The aim of our study is to describe and understand the experiences of physicians in emergency care for UMs who arrive in Spain by small boats Methods: Qualitative study, based on Gadamer's phenomenology. Convenience and purposive sampling was carried out and included sixteen in-depth interviews with physicians, between June 2019 and March 2020 in Spain. Results: Three main themes emerged: 1) Rediscovering humanistic medicine; 2) Leaving the personal and professional comfort zone; 3) Improving medical emergency care. Conclusions: Triage, pharmacological prescription, and the closure of the emergency care process are the key contributions of medical care. Cultural, language and security barriers make emergency care difficult.
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