Association between fitness, anthropometric indices and laboratory parameters in elderly women
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Concha-Cisternas, Yeny Fabiola
Guzmán-Muñoz, Eduardo E.
Valdés Badilla, Pablo Antonio
Celis-Morales, Carlos A.
BACKGROUND: Aging causes an involution of anthropometric and health indices that can affect physical fitness. AIM: To determine the influence of anthropometric and health indices on the physical fitness of elderly women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Anthropometric parameters, serum lipids, blood glucose and physical fitness evaluated using Senior Fitness Test, were assessed in 140 women aged 70 ± 5 years. The association between parameters was analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression models. RESULTS: In the regression models serum lipids and the suprailiac skinfold were significant predictors of the up and go test (R2= 0.48). HDL cholesterol and the level of physical activity were predictors of the two minutes step test (R2= 0.31). Serum lipids, suprailiac skinfold and age were predictors of the back-scratch test (R2= 0.41). Fasting blood glucose and HDL cholesterol were predictors of the chair sit and reach test (R2= 0.24). Serum lipids and body mass index were predictors of the arm curl test (R2= 0.37). Body mass index and serum lipids were predictors of the chair stand test (R2= 0.49). CONCLUSIONS: Anthropometric variables, serum lipid levels and blood glucose were predictors of different physical fitness parameters in these women.
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