Breakfast: A crucial meal for adolescents’ cognitive performance according to their nutritional status. the cogni-action project
MetadataShow full item record
Sadarangani, Kabir P.
De Moraes Ferrari, Gerson Luis
Jorquera-Aguilera, Carlos Alberto
This study aimed to determine whether pupils who have breakfast just before a cognitive demand, do not regularly skip breakfast, and consume a high-quality breakfast present higher cognitive performance than those who do not; furthermore, to establish differences according to their nutritional status. In this study, 1181 Chilean adolescents aged 10–14 years participated. A global cognitive score was computed through eight tasks, and the body mass index z-score (BMIz) was calculated using a growth reference for school-aged adolescents. The characteristics of breakfast were self-reported. Analyses of covariance were performed to determine differences in cognitive performance according to BMIz groups adjusted to sex, peak height velocity, physical fitness global score, and their schools. A positive association was found in adolescents’ cognitive performance when they had breakfast just before cognitive tasks, did not regularly skip breakfast, presented at least two breakfast quality components, and included dairy products. No significant differences were found between breakfast components, including cereal/bread and fruits/fruit juice. Finally, pupils who were overweight/obese who declared that they skipped breakfast regularly presented a lower cognitive performance than their normal-BMIz peers. These findings suggest that adolescents who have breakfast just prior to a cognitive demand and regularly have a high quality breakfast have better cognitive performance than those who do not. Educative nutritional strategies should be prioritized, especially in “breakfast skippers” adolescents living with overweight/obesity.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Physical fitness and its association with cognitive performance in Chilean schoolchildren: The Cogni-Action Project (2021) Solis-Urra, Patricio; Sanchez-Martinez, Javier; Olivares-Arancibia, Jorge; Castro-Piñero, José; Sadarangani, Kabir P.; Ferrari, Gerson Luis De Moraes; Rodriguez Rodriguez, Fernando; Reis Gaya, Anelise; Fochesatto, Camila Felin; Cristi-Montero, Carlos (Blackwell Munksgaard, 2021)This study aimed to establish the association and differences in a diversity of cognitive domains according to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscular fitness (MF), and speed-agility fitness (S-AF) level in a large sample ...
Physical Fitness Plays a Crucial Mediator Role in Relationships Among Personal, Social, and Lifestyle Factors With Adolescents' Cognitive Performance in a Structural Equation Model. The Cogni-Action Project (2021) Batista Lemes, Vanilson; Reis Gaya, Anelise; Sadarangani, Kabir P.; Aguilar-Farias, Nicolas; Rodriguez Rodriguez, Fernando; Martins, Clarice; Fochesatto, Camila Felin; Cristi-Montero, Carlos (Frontiers Media S.A., 2021-06-14)Background: The beneficial relationship between physical fitness and cognitive performance is affected and modulated by a wide diversity of factors that seem to be more sensitive during the development stage, particularly ...
Mediation Role of Physical Fitness and Its Components on the Association Between Distribution-Related Fat Indicators and Adolescents’ Cognitive Performance: Exploring the Influence of School Vulnerability. The Cogni-Action Project (2021) Hernández-Jaña, Sam; Sanchez-Martinez, Javier; Solis-Urra, Patricio; Esteban-Cornejo, Irene; Castro-Piñero, José; Sadarangani, Kabir P.; Aguilar-Farias, Nicolas; De Moraes Ferrari, Gerson Luis; Cristi-Montero, Carlos (Frontiers Media S.A., 2021-09-08)Background: Physical fitness and fatness converge simultaneously modulating cognitive skills, which in turn, are associated with children and adolescents’ socioeconomic background. However, both fitness components and fat ...