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dc.contributor.authorBacian, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorVerdugo, Cristobal
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Katherine P.
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Larruscaín, Josu
dc.contributor.authorde Blas, Ignacio
dc.contributor.authorCachicas, Viviana
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Joven, Carmen
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-15T03:29:56Z
dc.date.available2021-04-15T03:29:56Z
dc.date.issued2021-03-18
dc.identifier10.3389/fmicb.2021.621737
dc.identifier.issn1664302X
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/8788
dc.description.abstractVibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of seafood-associated bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Although different studies have focused on its pattern of variation over time, knowledge about the environmental factors driving the dynamics of this pathogen, within the Chilean territory, is still lacking. This study determined the prevalence of total and pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus strains (tdh and/or trh genes) in mussels (Mytilus chilensis) collected from two natural growing areas between 2017 and 2018, using selective agar and PCR analysis. V. parahaemolyticus was detected in 45.6% (93/204) of pooled samples from the Valdivia River Estuary. The pathogenic strains carrying the tdh and/or trh gene were detected in 11.8% (24/204): tdh in 9.8% (20/204), trh in 0.5% (1/204), and 1.5% (3/204) presented both genes. In Reloncaví Fjord, V. parahaemolyticus was detected in 14.4% (30/209) of the samples, pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus carrying the trh gene was detected in 0.5% (1/209) of the samples, while the tdh gene was not detected in the samples from this area. The total count of mauve-purple colonies typical of V. parahaemolyticus on CHROMagar was positively associated by multivariate analysis with area, water temperature, and salinity. Similarly, V. parahaemolyticus detection rates by PCR had a positive correlation with the area and water temperature. The chances of detecting total V. parahaemolyticus in the Valdivia River Estuary are significantly higher than in the Reloncaví Fjord, but inversely, during spring-summer months, the interaction factor between the area and temperature indicated that the chances of detecting V. parahaemolyticus are higher in the Reloncaví Fjord. Interestingly, this period coincides with the season when commercial and natural-growing shellfish are harvested. On the other hand, pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus tdh+ was significantly correlated with an increase of water temperature. These environmental parameters could be used to trigger a warning on potential hazard, which would influence human health and economic losses in aquaculture systems.es_ES
dc.language.isoenes_ES
dc.publisherFrontiers Media S.A.es_ES
dc.subjectMusselses_ES
dc.subjectPrevalencees_ES
dc.subjectSalinityes_ES
dc.subjectTdhes_ES
dc.subjectTrhes_ES
dc.subjectVibrio parahaemolyticuses_ES
dc.subjectvirulence geneses_ES
dc.subjectwater temperaturees_ES
dc.titleLongitudinal Study of Total and Pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus (tdh+ and/or trh+) in Two Natural Extraction Areas of Mytilus chilensis in Southern Chilees_ES
dc.typeArticlees_ES


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