Changes in anthropometric parameters and physical fitness in older adults after participating in a 16-week physical activity program
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Valdés Badilla, Pablo Antonio
Guzmán-Muñoz, Eduardo E.
Godoy-Cumillaf, Andrés Esteban Roberto
Concha-Cisternas, Yeny Fabiola
Durán, Samuel A.
Magnani-Branco, Braulio Henrique
Introduction: Physical activity is important for achieving healthy aging. Objective: To analyze changes in anthropometric parameters and physical fitness among Chilean older adults after participating in a 16-week physical activity program and to evaluate whether there were differences in relation to their baseline nutritional status or not. Materials and methods: Pre-experimental quantitative study. The study population consisted of 176 older adults (155 women and 21 men) distributed in three groups: normal weight (n=56), overweight (n=67) and obese (n=53). The following variables were evaluated: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHR) and physical fitness. Results: Significant decreases between pre-and post-measurements were found for WC (p<0.001), BMI (p=0.015), and WHR (p<0.001). Improvements were observed in the following tests: chair stand (p<0.001), arm curl (p<0.001), 2-min step (p<0.001), chair sit-&-reach (p=0.018) and back scratch (p=0.014). Regarding BMI, significant changes were observed between normal weight vs. overweight participants (p=0.001) and between normal weight vs. obese participants (p=0.001). Conclusion: Older adult participants that regularly attended the physical activity program were able to reduce their WC, BMI and WHR, and also improved their physical-functional performance on the chair stand, arm curl, 2-min step, chair sit-&-reach and back scratch tests. In addition, anthropo-metric parameters and physical fitness also improved regardless of their baseline nutritional status.
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Association between health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness in physically active elderly women [Asociación entare índices antropométricos de salud y condición física en mujeres mayores físicamente activas] (2020) Valdés-Badilla P.; Godoy-Cumillaf A.; Ortega-Spuler J.; Herrera-Valenzuela T.; Durán-Agüero S.; Zapata-Bastias J.; Vargas-Vitoria R.; Guzmán-Muñoz E.; López-Fuenzalida A. (Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, 2017)
Association between fitness, anthropometric indices and laboratory parameters in elderly women (2021) Concha-Cisternas, Yeny Fabiola; Vargas-Vitoria, Rodrigo; Guzmán-Muñoz, Eduardo E.; Valdés Badilla, Pablo Antonio; Troncoso-Pantoja, Claudia; Celis-Morales, Carlos A. (NLM (Medline), 2020-12-01)BACKGROUND: Aging causes an involution of anthropometric and health indices that can affect physical fitness. AIM: To determine the influence of anthropometric and health indices on the physical fitness of elderly women. ...
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