Adherence to the mediterranean diet and self-efficacy as mediators in the mediation of sleep quality and grades in nursing students
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Fernández Medina, Isabel María
Ruiz-Fernández, María Dolores
Hernández Padilla, José Manuel
Jiménez-Lasserrotte, María Del Mar
Lirola, María Jesús
Cortés-Rodríguez, Alda Elena
López-Rodríguez, María Mar
University is a period in which students can experience a considerable amount of challenges that may influence their health lifestyles. The aim of this article is to discover the role of therapeutic adherence to the Mediterranean diet and self-efficacy as mediators in the relationship between sleep quality and the average grades of nursing students. The sample was made up of 334 nursing students, with a mean age of 21.84 years (SD = 6.24). Pittsburgh Sleep Quality questionnaires, adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the Baessler and Shwarzer General Self-efficacy Scale were administered. The results of the multiple mediational model determined that quality of sleep has a direct influence on academic performance. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and quality of sleep have an effect on the degree of self-efficacy of nursing students. This study demonstrates that good sleep quality and adherence to the Mediterranean diet improve academic performance in nursing students. Future research should include multicenter longitudinal studies.
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