Absence of gender perspective in medical education. Implications in female and LGBT+ patients, students and professionals [Ausencia de perspectiva de género en la educación médica. Implicaciones en pacientes mujeres y lgbt+, estudiantes y profesores]
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Health is a state of complete well-being, where biological, sociocultural and psychosocial factors interact with each other; gender is one of them. Nowadays, it has been proven that differences between sexes and genders have effects on many diseases; these differences are not usually addressed in medical education. Some of the main consequences are the inadequate attention of patients and the existence of various types of discrimination within medical education. The following review will examine how the absence of gender perspective in health education has effects on female patients and medical students, and on LGBT+ patients and medical students. In conclusion, there have been improvements, both in the attention of patients as well as in medical education, but the efforts on the subject must continue, especially in initial training of medical professionals. © 2020, Universidad de Antioquia. All rights reserved.
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