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dc.contributor.authorTorres-Costoso A.
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Muñoz P.
dc.contributor.authorFerri-Morales A.
dc.contributor.authorBravo-Morales E.
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Vizcaíno V.
dc.contributor.authorGarrido-Miguel M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:29:20Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:29:20Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier10.3390/nu11102500
dc.identifier.citation11, 10, -
dc.identifier.issn20726643
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/6417
dc.descriptionIdentifying environmental factors that influence bone health is crucial for developing effective intervention strategies that maximize peak bone mass. The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship between milk consumption and bone mineral density (BMD) in young adults, and to examine whether this relationship is mediated by body mass index (BMI) and total lean and fat mass. A cross-sectional study involving college students (n = 239) from a Spanish public university was performed. Data on milk consumption and anthropometric and body composition variables were collected. The Pearson correlation coefficients among total body BMD, body composition variables, and milk consumption ranged from −0.111 to −1.171, most of them statistically significant (p < 0.05). The ANCOVA (analysis of covariance) models showed that those with higher regular milk consumption had less total body BMD than those with lower regular milk consumption (p < 0.05), even after controlling for different sets of confounders. In the mediation analysis, BMI and lean and fat mass turned out to act as full mediators of the relationship between regular milk consumption and total body BMD (z = −1.7148, −1.3208, and −1.8549, respectively; p ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, milk consumption, per se, does not seem to have a direct effect on bone development, because its association seems to be fully mediated by body composition variables in young adults. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.subjectBody composition
dc.subjectBone health
dc.subjectBone mineral density
dc.subjectCollege students
dc.subjectDairy products
dc.subjectMilk intake
dc.subjectWeight status
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectanalysis of covariance
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectbody fat
dc.subjectbody mass
dc.subjectbone density
dc.subjectbone development
dc.subjectcollege student
dc.subjectcontrolled study
dc.subjectcorrelation coefficient
dc.subjectcross-sectional study
dc.subjectfat mass
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjecthuman experiment
dc.subjectmajor clinical study
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectwhole milk
dc.subjectyoung adult
dc.subjectadipose tissue
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectaging
dc.subjectanimal
dc.subjectbody composition
dc.subjectbone density
dc.subjectdiet
dc.subjectdrug effect
dc.subjectmiddle aged
dc.subjectmilk
dc.subjectAdipose Tissue
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectAging
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subjectBody Composition
dc.subjectBody Mass Index
dc.subjectBone Density
dc.subjectDiet Surveys
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectMilk
dc.subjectYoung Adult
dc.titleBody mass index, lean mass, and body fat percentage as mediators of the relationship between milk consumption and bone health in young adults
dc.typeArticle


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