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dc.contributor.authorSánchez-López M.
dc.contributor.authorCavero-Redondo I.
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez-Bueno C.
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Hermosa A.
dc.contributor.authorPozuelo-Carrascosa D.P.
dc.contributor.authorDíez-Fernández A.
dc.contributor.authorGutierrez-Díaz del Campo D.
dc.contributor.authorPardo-Guijarro M.J.
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Vizcaíno V.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:28:51Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:28:51Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier10.1111/sms.13383
dc.identifier.citation29, 5, 766-775
dc.identifier.issn09057188
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/6366
dc.descriptionIntroduction: This study examined the impact of a multicomponent physical activity (PA) intervention (MOVI-KIDS) on improving cognition in schoolchildren. This paper also analyzed the mediator role of motor fitness between MOVI-KIDS and cognition. Methods: Propensity score analysis of data from a cluster randomized controlled trial (MOVI-KIDS study). This analysis including 240 5-7 years old children from nine schools in the provinces of Cuenca and Ciudad Real, Spain. MOVI-KIDS program consisted of: (a) three weekly after-school sessions of recreational non-competitive PA lasting 60 minutes during one academic year, (b) educational materials for parents and teachers, and (c) school playground modifications. Changes in cognition (logical reasoning, verbal factor, numerical factor, spatial factor, and general intelligence) were measured. A propensity score cross-cluster matching procedure and mediation analysis (Hayes's PROCESS macro) were conducted. Results: All cognitive variables pre-post mean changes were significantly higher (P ≤ 0.05) in children from intervention schools than those from control schools (effect size ranged from 0.33 to 1.48). The effect of the intervention on the spatial factor and general intelligence was partially mediated by motor fitness (indirect effect = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.36; 1.65; and indirect effect = 1.21, 95% CI: 0.06; 2.62, respectively). Conclusions: This study shows that a one-school-year multicomponent intervention consisting of a recreational non-competitive PA program, educational materials for parents and teachers, and school playground modifications improved the cognition of first-grade children. Further, our results suggest that the effect of the intervention on cognition was mediated by changes in motor fitness. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherBlackwell Munksgaard
dc.subjectchildren
dc.subjectcognition
dc.subjectexercise
dc.subjectfitness
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trial
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectcontrolled study
dc.subjecteffect size
dc.subjectexercise
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjecthuman experiment
dc.subjectintelligence
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectmediator
dc.subjectphysical activity
dc.subjectpropensity score
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trial
dc.subjectSpain
dc.subjectteacher
dc.subjectclinical trial
dc.subjectcognition
dc.subjectfitness
dc.subjectmulticenter study
dc.subjectphysical education
dc.subjectpreschool child
dc.subjectprocedures
dc.subjectsocial class
dc.subjectChild
dc.subjectChild, Preschool
dc.subjectCognition
dc.subjectExercise
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectPhysical Education and Training
dc.subjectPhysical Fitness
dc.subjectSocial Class
dc.subjectSpain
dc.titleImpact of a multicomponent physical activity intervention on cognitive performance: The MOVI-KIDS study
dc.typeArticle


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