Estradiol activates PI3K/Akt/GSK3 pathway under chronic neurodegenerative conditions triggered by perinatal asphyxia
MetadataShow full item record
Perinatal asphyxia (PA) remains as one of the most important causes of short-term mortality, psychiatric and neurological disorders in children, without an effective treatment. In previous studies we have observed that the expression of different neurodegenerative markers increases in CA1 hippocampal area of 4-months-old male rats born by cesarean section and exposed for 19 min to PA. We have also shown that a late treatment with 17β estradiol (daily dose of 250 μg/kg for 3 days) was able to revert the brain alterations observed in those animals. Based on these previous results, the main aim of the present study was to explore the mechanism by which the estrogenic treatment is involved in the reversion of the chronic neurodegenerative conditions induced by PA. We demonstrated that estradiol treatment of adult PA exposed animals induced an increase in estrogen receptor (ER) a and insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) protein levels, an activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta/β-catenin signaling pathway and an increase in Bcl-2/Bax ratio in the hippocampus in comparison to PA exposed animals treated with vehicle. Taking together, our data suggest that the interaction between ERa and IGF-IR, with the subsequent downstream activation, underlies the beneficial effects of estradiol observed in late treatment of PA. © 2018 Saraceno, Bellini, Garcia-Segura and Capani.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
ArticleSaraceno G.E.; Caceres L.G.; Guelman L.R.; Castilla R.; Udovin L.D.; Ellisman M.H.; Brocco M.A.; Capani F. (Academic Press Inc., 2016)
Neuroprotective effects of the catalytic subunit of telomerase: A potential therapeutic target in the central nervous system (2020) González-Giraldo Y.; Forero D.A.; Echeverria V.; Gonzalez J.; Ávila-Rodriguez M.; Garcia-Segura L.M.; Barreto G.E. (Elsevier Ireland Ltd, 2016)
Regulation of astroglia by gonadal steroid hormones under physiological and pathological conditions (2020) Acaz-Fonseca E.; Avila-Rodriguez M.; Garcia-Segura L.M.; Barreto G.E. (Elsevier Ltd, 2016)