Comparison of psychomotor development in Chilean preschoolers normal weight versus overweight / obesity [Comparación del desarrollo psicomotor en preescolares chilenos con normopeso versus sobrepeso/obesidad]
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Objective: to compare the DSM Nutritional distributed in three states: normal, overweight and obese. Subjects and methods: test DSM “TEPSI” 58 children (intentional sample) from a total of 150, 4 to 4.5 years, which were divided into 3 groups was applied: normal weight (n = 28); overweight (n = 18) and obese (n = 12). Weight and height were measured using a SECA scale and a bevel wall (methodology Frankfurt). Nutritional assessment was performed by BMI / age as proposed by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Comparisons were made using analysis of variance, Tukey test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Box plots were used. The significance level was used in all cases α ≤ 0,05. Results: preschool overweight and obese studied showed a driving profile classified as inferior and much lower, respectively, when they were compared with the normal weight group of preschoolers. Conclusions: overweight/obesity is a factor in the development of motor skills in preschool negatively 4 years old. © 2015, Grupo Aula Medica S.A. All rights reserved.
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