Postpartum fatigue: Literature review [Fatiga postparto: Revisión de la literatura]
A series of physical and psychosocial changes arise in the postpartum. This make a moment of great vulnerability for different problems for women. One of these changes is in the quality and quantity of nocturnal sleep, which brings a postpartum fatigue. In all studies, the characteristics of fatigue in the postpartum period are associated with mental illness, and not with women wellbeing during this period. The objective of this study is to have an update on fatigue related to the mental health of women during the postpartum period. Method: We reviewed 34 studies in English, published in the last five years, in PubMed and Web of Science. Results: Studies show that between 60% to 65% of women during postpartum have a short sleep time, they slept less than 6 hours. This show us fatigue as one of the most serious symptoms after childbirth. Several studies have confirmed the relationship between fatigue and postpartum depression, where even some highlight the bidirectional relationship between them, where fatigue predicts depressive symptoms and vice versa. Moreover, fatigue has been related to alterations in the diurnal functioning of the woman, maternal weight and construction of the mother-child bond. Conclusion: This review reaffirms the need to deepen the effects of postpartum fatigue on maternal wellbeing and, in this way, to carry out interventions that promote positive mental health during the postpartum period. © 2018 Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia. All rights reserved.
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