Effect of Triton X-100 surfactant on the interfacial activity of ionic surfactants SDS, CTAB and SDBS at the air/water interface: A study using molecular dynamic simulations
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Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out to investigate the effect of TX-100 surfactant on the interfacial activity of ionic surfactants SDS, CTAB and SDBS at the air/water interface. Here, interfacial properties, molecular orientation of hydrocarbon chains of ionic surfactant and radial distribution functions between hydrophilic headgroups and water molecules at the air/water interface was evaluated by means of MD simulations. Particularly, TX-100 surfactant produces a reduction of the interfacial film thickness obtained using the water layer and increases the hydrophobic film thickness of the systems. In this investigation, we found that TX-100 surfactant present in mixed monolayers and distributed randomly on the water surface can modify the hydrophilic-lipophilic balance of the monolayer increasing the hydrophobic film thickness and reducing the adsorption of ionic surfactants at the air/water interface. Furthermore, the molecular array of these mixed monolayers obtained by the TX-100 surfactant improve the elasticity of the liquid film, which avoid the rupture of foams reducing the liquid drainage velocity of these systems. Finally, the results suggest that hydrophobic film thickness of the mixed monolayers produce by the TX-100 surfactant can reduce the diffusion of gas molecules from air phase toward the water phase, which increase the stability of foams. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
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