Synthesis and structural determination of new brassinosteroid 24-nor-5α-cholane type analogs
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Natural brassinosteroids possess a 22R, 23R configuration that appears essential for biological activity. It is, therefore, interesting to elucidate if the activity of brassinosteroids with a short side chain depends on the C22 configuration. Herein, we describe the synthesis of new brassinosteroids analogs with 24-norcholane type of side chain and R configuration at C22. The initial reaction is the dihydroxylation of a terminal olefin that leads to S/R epimers. Three different methods were tested in order to evaluate the obtained S/R ratio and the reaction yields. The results indicate that Upjohn dihydroxylation is the most selective reaction giving a 1.0:0.24 S/R ratio, whereas a Sharpless reaction leads to a mixture of 1.0:0.90 S/R with 95% yield. Using the latter mixture and following a previous reported method, benzoylated derivatives and both S and R brassinosteroids analogs were synthesized. All synthesized compounds were completely characterized by NMR spectroscopy, and HRMS of new compounds are also given. In conclusion, a synthetic route for preparation of new analogs of brassinosteroids of 24-norcholane type and R configuration at C22 were described. It is expected that this will help to elucidate if a configuration at C22 is a structural requirement for hormonal growth activity in plants. © 2019 by the authors.
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