Copper (II) as catalyst for intramolecular cyclization and oxidation of (1,4-phenylene)bisguanidines to benzodiimidazole-diylidenes
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A synthetically useful approach of catalytic intramolecular cyclization and oxidation of 2′,2′-(1,4-phenylene)bis(1,3-dialkyl)guanidines (Alkyl = isopropyl 1 or cyclohexyl 2) catalyzed by copper acetate in acetonitrile under air was studied by on line monitoring of the reaction by ESI-MS. All-important intermediates organic species were intercepted during the experiment confirming for the first time the stepwise (1,4-phenylene)bisguanidines cyclization and oxidation mechanism. Moreover, performed collision-induced dissociation (CID) experiments were also applied as a structure elucidation tool. Bimetallic copper intermediates Cu1 ([C28H48Cu2N6O10 + H]+) of m/z 755 and Cu2 [C22H36Cu2N6O4 + H]+ of m/z 575 were documented. The plausible key mechanistic steps involving the formation of organic and inorganic intermediates detected by in situ monitoring of the reaction are presented. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.
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