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dc.contributor.authorLahoz-García N.
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Hermoso A.
dc.contributor.authorMilla-Tobarra M.
dc.contributor.authorDíez-Fernández A.
dc.contributor.authorSoriano-Cano A.
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Vizcaíno V.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:21:12Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:21:12Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier10.3390/nu10030358
dc.identifier.citation10, 3, -
dc.identifier.issn20726643
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/5032
dc.descriptionThe association between diet and obesity has been widely studied and it continues to be controversial; however, the extent to which cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) acts as a confounder or mediator in this relation has not been analyzed. The aim of this study is to examine if the relation between diet and obesity is mediated by CRF. In this cross-sectional study, fat mass (by electronic bioimpedance) was measured in 320 schoolchildren, aged 9–11 years. Diet was measured through two computerised 24-h dietary recalls and CRF was assessed by the 20-m shuttle run test. Simple mediation analyses were fitted. CRF acts as a partial mediator in the negative relationship between dietary factors (energy intake/weight, carbohydrate intake/weight, protein intake/weight, and fat intake/weight) and fat mass. The percentage of mediation ranged from 24.3 to 33.2%. Thus, Spanish schoolchildren with higher levels of energy and macronutrients intake had lower adiposity levels, especially when they had good levels of CRF. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.subjectChildren
dc.subjectCRF
dc.subjectEnergy intake
dc.subjectFat intake
dc.subjectMediation
dc.subjectObesity
dc.subjectArticle
dc.subjectbody composition
dc.subjectbody mass
dc.subjectcaloric intake
dc.subjectcarbohydrate intake
dc.subjectcardiorespiratory fitness
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectcontrolled study
dc.subjectcross-sectional study
dc.subjectdiet
dc.subjectdual energy X ray absorptiometry
dc.subjectfat intake
dc.subjectfat mass
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjectfood intake
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectimpedance
dc.subjectmacronutrient
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectobesity
dc.subjectoxygen consumption
dc.subjectprotein intake
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trial
dc.subjectschool child
dc.subjectsexual maturation
dc.subjectwaist circumference
dc.subjectage
dc.subjectchildhood obesity
dc.subjectepidemiology
dc.subjectexercise test
dc.subjectmetabolism
dc.subjectpathophysiology
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trial (topic)
dc.subjectrisk factor
dc.subjectSpain
dc.subjectAdiposity
dc.subjectAge Factors
dc.subjectCardiorespiratory Fitness
dc.subjectChild
dc.subjectConfounding Factors (Epidemiology)
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subjectDiet
dc.subjectDietary Fats
dc.subjectElectric Impedance
dc.subjectEnergy Intake
dc.subjectExercise Test
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectPediatric Obesity
dc.subjectRandomized Controlled Trials as Topic
dc.subjectRisk Factors
dc.subjectSpain
dc.titleCardiorespiratory fitness as a mediator of the influence of diet on obesity in children
dc.typeArticle


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