Assessment of elliptic flame front propagation characteristics of hydrogen in an optically accessible spark ignition engine
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The absence of carbon content of hydrogen fuel makes it an attractive candidates for future energy carriers. Hydrogen or dual fuelled engines are a practical alternative to pure hydrocarbon fuelling modes. However, fine tuning of current engines is necessary. In this study premixed hydrogen flame propagation is investigated in a single-cylinder, spark-ignited, four-stroke optically accessible spark ignition test engine using high-speed imaging. Ellipses were fitted on the flame contours during the analysis to obtain flame speeds and flame centre motion. The test conditions covered a range of engine speeds from 1000 rpm to 2000 rpm with 100 rpm increments using a lean mixture, φ = 0.67. The fine temporal resolution allowed the time, at which spark governed kernel formation becomes a function of engine parameters to be determined. The few data that have been published in the literature regarding hydrogen flame speeds were compared with the finding of this study. © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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