Radiographical and clinical evaluation of critical size defects in rabbit calvaria filled with allograft and autograft: A pilot study
Gonzalo H. Oporto V.
del Sol M.
Regeneration of resorbed edentulous sites can be induced by bone grafts from the subject himself and/ or by the use of biomaterials. At present, there has been an extensive search for biomaterials that are evaluated by artificially creating one or more critical defects. The aim of this work was to clinically and radiographically analyze bone formation by the use of some biomaterials in artificially created defects in the parietal bone of rabbits. Six rabbits were used, creating defects of 8 mm in diameter in parietal bones. One defect was maintained with coagulum only, and in others, freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA), autologous bone, and a combination of autologous bone with FDBA respectively, were added. Animals were sacrificed at 15-90 days with 2 weeks interval each, and calvaria were analyzed macroscopically, measuring by digital caliper the lack of filling at the surface of defects, identifying limits at anteroposterior and coronal view, realizing a digital photograph register of their external surfaces. This was subsequently evaluated radiographically by occlusal film radiography used to quantify its density through software. In conclusion, autologous bone showed the best behavior, clinically as well as radiographically. However, FDBA is a good option as an alternative to autologous bone as its behavior was slightly lower over time. The combination of autologous bone and FDBA in the same defect showed results considerably inferior to grafts used separately. Low radiopacity and clear limits were observed through time for the control coagulum filled defect.
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