Características antropométricas de adolescentes pertenecientes a distintas escuelas deportivas formativas [Anthropometric Characteristics of Adolescents from Different Sports Training Schools]
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The high rate of physical inactivity and obesity reported in Chile, has given rise to various sports programs for children and adolescents who require reliable assessments of anthropometric characteristics for sports. In this sense, this research aims to determine the anthropometric characteristics of adolescents belonging to different training sports schools (AD) of Temuco, Chile and its relationship with ideal athletic parameters. The research provides a non-experimental, descriptive, transversal, with a quantitative approach to design. The sample consisted of 65 subjects (38 women) with a mean age of 15.9 (2.5) years and a BMI of 22.8 (4) kg/m2, who practiced taekwondo (n= 4), racquetball (n= 6), fencing (n= 7), karate (n= 8), athletics (n= 13), tennis (n= 6) andsoccer (n= 21). The results indicated that AD women were classified as endo-mesomorphic (4.9 – 4.3 – 1.5) with a mean percentage of 33.6% fat mass and 39.7% muscle mass, while the AD males were classified as meso-endomorphic (3 – 4.9 – 2.3) and they presented a 27.4% of fat mass and a 43.7% of muscle mass. In conclusion, although the AD evaluated showed normal weight, their body composition exhibits a high percentage of fat mass, even in comparison with normal parameters. Nevertheless, its somatotype was closer to the kineanthropometric profile ideal for sports, without showing any trend by sport. Further studies will be required to understand the role of training programs, athletic performance and eating habits in the optimization of sports performance. © 2015, International Journal of Morphology. All Rights Reserved.
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