A new functional JAZ degron sequence in strawberry JAZ1 revealed by structural and interaction studies on the COI1–JA-Ile/COR–JAZs complexes
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The phytohormone jasmonoyl-isoleucine (JA-Ile) regulates fundamental plant processes as developmental and defense responses. JA-Ile mediates the interaction between the F-box protein COI1 (part of the SCFCOI1 E3 ubiquitin ligase) and a JAZ repressor leading to early jasmonate responses. The Arabidopsis JAZ1 protein contains the canonical LPIARR degron sequence, which is responsible for the stabilization of the AtCOI1-JA-Ile-AtJAZ1 complex. In strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) JAZ family was described at the transcriptional level during fruit development but the information about the interaction mode of this complex is still scarce at the molecular level. To gain insight into the strawberry JA-Ile receptor complex, we evaluated the interaction at the structural level, and protein models were built and analyzed for FaCOI1 and FaJAZ1, FaJAZ8.1, and FaJAZ10. The interaction between FaCOI1 and FaJAZ1, FaJAZ8.1 and FaJAZ10 were explored using several ligands, through molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, finding the strongest interaction with (+)-7-iso-JA-Ile than other ligands. Additionally, we tested interactions between FaCOI1 and FaJAZs by yeast two-hybrid assays in the presence of coronatine (COR, a JA-Ile mimic). We detected strong COR-dependent interactions between FaCOI1 and FaJAZ1. Interestingly, FaJAZ1 contains a new non-canonical (IPMQRK) functional degron sequence, in which Arg and Lys are the key residues for maintaining the interaction of the FaCOI1–COR–FaJAZ1 complex as we observed in mutated versions of the FaJAZ1 degron. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the IPMQRK degron is only present in orthologs belonging to the Rosoideae but not in other Rosaceae subfamilies. Together, this study uncovers a new degron sequence in plants, which could be required to make an alternative and functional JA-Ile perception complex in strawberry. © 2020, The Author(s).
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