Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Hermoso A.
dc.contributor.authorEsteban-Cornejo I.
dc.contributor.authorOlloquequi J.
dc.contributor.authorRamírez-Vélez R.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:18:48Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:18:48Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.04.037
dc.identifier.citation187, , 127-133.e3
dc.identifier.issn00223476
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/4624
dc.descriptionObjective To examine the combined association of fatness and physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness [CRF] and muscular strength) with academic achievement, and to determine whether CRF and muscular strength are mediators of the association between fatness and academic achievement in a nationally representative sample of adolescents from Chile. Study design Data were obtained for a sample of 36 870 adolescents (mean age, 13.8 years; 55.2% boys) from the Chilean System for the Assessment of Educational Quality test for eighth grade in 2011, 2013, and 2014. Physical fitness tests included CRF (20-m shuttle run) and muscular strength (standing long jump). Weight, height, and waist circumference were assessed, and body mass index and waist circumference-to-height ratio were calculated. Academic achievement in language and mathematics was assessed using standardized tests. The PROCESS script developed by Hayes was used for mediation analysis. Results Compared with unfit and high-fatness adolescents, fit and low-fatness adolescents had significantly higher odds for attaining high academic achievement in language and mathematics. However, in language, unfit and low-fatness adolescents did not have significantly higher odds for obtaining high academic achievement. Those with high fatness had higher academic achievement (both language and mathematics) if they were fit. Linear regression models suggest a partial or full mediation of physical fitness in the association of fatness variables with academic achievement. Conclusions CRF and muscular strength may attenuate or even counteract the adverse influence of fatness on academic achievement in adolescents. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMosby Inc.
dc.subjectacademic performance
dc.subjectobesity
dc.subjectphysical fitness
dc.subjectweight-to-height ratio
dc.subjectacademic achievement
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectanthropometric parameters
dc.subjectArticle
dc.subjectbody mass
dc.subjectcardiorespiratory fitness
dc.subjectChile
dc.subjectcontrolled study
dc.subjectfatness
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectlanguage
dc.subjectmajor clinical study
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectmathematics
dc.subjectmuscle strength
dc.subjectpriority journal
dc.subjectwaist circumference
dc.subjectwaist to height ratio
dc.subjectachievement
dc.subjectanthropometry
dc.subjectcardiorespiratory fitness
dc.subjectchildhood obesity
dc.subjectcross-sectional study
dc.subjecteducational status
dc.subjectexercise
dc.subjectexercise test
dc.subjectmuscle strength
dc.subjectpathophysiology
dc.subjectphysiology
dc.subjectAchievement
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAnthropometry
dc.subjectBody Mass Index
dc.subjectCardiorespiratory Fitness
dc.subjectChile
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subjectEducational Status
dc.subjectExercise
dc.subjectExercise Test
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMuscle Strength
dc.subjectPediatric Obesity
dc.titleCardiorespiratory Fitness and Muscular Strength as Mediators of the Influence of Fatness on Academic Achievement
dc.typeArticle


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record