Influence of age and equipment used on the demands in rhythmic gymnastics. A case study [Influencia de la edad y el aparato empleado en las exigencias específicas en gimnasia rítmica. Un estudio de caso]
Currently there is a small number of studies related to Rhythmic Gymnastics, even less those focusing on early stages of development, which shows this is an incipient knowledge area in sports sciences. The development of inertial devices for the assessment of routines execution opens up to new possibilities for objective workload analysis. Therefore, the objective of the study was to assess internal and external load in young athletes of Rhythmic Gymnastics using inertial devices, as well as to analyse differences based on the equipment used (Hoop, Maces, Tape, Ball, Rope, and Hands-free) and the category (Under-15 versus Under-12). The sample was composed of 7 national-level gymnasts. The variables analysed were physical-physiological demands (HRAVG, HRMAX, RS-Ps, Steps, Jumps, Imp and PL), equipment used, and gymnast category. A descriptive analysis (M±SD) was performed, and a two-way ANOVA statistical test, making the pairwise comparison through Bonferroni in order to know the differences between categories and equipment. The results obtained show the existence of differences according to the equipment used, and the category of gymnasts. These differences are related to the variables assessed in the study. Therefore, Rhythmic Gymnastics exercises are unique, and require a series of specific demands according to the category. © 2020 Copyright: Federación Española de Asociaciones de Docentes de Educación Física (FEADEF).
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