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dc.contributor.authorEsteban L.
dc.contributor.authorPlaza V.
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Crespo G.
dc.contributor.authorVivas A.B.
dc.contributor.authorEstévez A.F.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:17:20Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:17:20Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier10.1016/j.ridd.2014.03.031
dc.identifier.citation35, 6, 1384-1392
dc.identifier.issn08914222
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/4403
dc.descriptionPrevious studies have demonstrated that the differential outcomes procedure (DOP), which involves paring a unique reward with a specific stimulus, enhances discriminative learning and memory performance in several populations. The present study aimed to further investigate whether this procedure would improve face recognition memory in 5- and 7-year-old children (Experiment 1) and adults with Down syndrome (Experiment 2). In a delayed matching-to-sample task, participants had to select the previously shown face (sample stimulus) among six alternatives faces (comparison stimuli) in four different delays (1, 5, 10, or 15. s). Participants were tested in two conditions: differential, where each sample stimulus was paired with a specific outcome; and non-differential outcomes, where reinforcers were administered randomly. The results showed a significantly better face recognition in the differential outcomes condition relative to the non-differential in both experiments. Implications for memory training programs and future research are discussed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier Inc.
dc.subjectChildren
dc.subjectDifferential outcomes effect
dc.subjectDown syndrome
dc.subjectFacial recognition memory
dc.subjectaccuracy
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectclinical article
dc.subjectclinical effectiveness
dc.subjectcontrolled study
dc.subjectdepth perception
dc.subjectdifferential outcome training
dc.subjectDown syndrome
dc.subjectface
dc.subjectfacial expression
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectlearning and memory test
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectmental performance
dc.subjectoutcome assessment
dc.subjectrecognition
dc.subjectshort term memory
dc.subjectverbal memory
dc.subjectworking memory
dc.subjectconditioning
dc.subjectdiscrimination learning
dc.subjectDown syndrome
dc.subjectmiddle aged
dc.subjectpattern recognition
dc.subjectpreschool child
dc.subjectpsychology
dc.subjectreinforcement
dc.subjectreward
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectChild
dc.subjectChild, Preschool
dc.subjectConditioning (Psychology)
dc.subjectDiscrimination Learning
dc.subjectDown Syndrome
dc.subjectFace
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectPattern Recognition, Visual
dc.subjectReinforcement (Psychology)
dc.subjectReward
dc.titleDifferential outcomes training improves face recognition memory in children and in adults with Down syndrome
dc.typeArticle


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