Differential human Th22-lymphocyte response triggered by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans serotypes
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Objective In Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, different serotypes have been described based on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antigenicity. When T lymphocytes were stimulated with these serotypes, different patterns of T-helper (Th)1 and Th17-type of immune responses were reported. Recently, two new Th phenotypes have been described and named Th9 and Th22 lymphocytes; however, their role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential Th9 and/or Th22 lymphocyte responses when stimulated with autologous dendritic cells infected with different A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes. Methods Monocyte-derived dendritic cells and naïve CD4+ T lymphocytes were obtained from healthy donors and stimulated with different serotypes of A. actinomycetemcomitans at a multiplicity of infection MOI = 102 or their purified LPS (10–50 ng/ml). The levels for the Th9 and Th22-associated cytokines, as well as the transcription factor master-switch genes implied in their differentiation Spi-B and AhR, were quantified by qPCR and ELISA. Results When stimulated with the serotype b of A. actinomycetemcomitans, higher levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were detected in dendritic cells, as well as higher levels of IL-22 and AhR were detected in T lymphocytes, when compared with stimulation with the other serotypes. Conclusions The serotype b of A. actinomycetemcomitans has a higher capacity of trigger Th22-type of immune response in both dendritic cells and T lymphocytes. These data allow us to suggest that, when the serotype b of A. actinomycetemcomitans is a significant part of the subgingival biofilm, the Th22 polarization might be triggered within the periodontal lesion. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
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