Body image perception in university students from Chile and Panama [Autopercepción de la imagen corporal en estudiantes universitarios de Chile y Panamá]
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Durán Agüero S.
Record C. J.
Barra R. R.
Olivares H. R.
Tapia A. A.
Moraga B. A.
Campos H. C.
Mattar A. P.
Pérez V. G.
Neira O. A.M.
Objective: To determine the association between nutritional status and body image perception among university students from Chile and Panamá. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted among 792 students of both sexes, ages 18 to 30 years, from University Santo Tomás of Viña del Mar, Chile, University Autónoma of Chile and University Latinoamericana de Ciencia y Tecnología (ULACIT) of Panama. We determined the real BMI and the perceived BMI. Afterward, the two were compared to each other. Results: In a sample of 792 students, 480 from Chile (51,4% females) and 312 from Panamá (56,7% females), the perceived BMI is higher than the real one in the Chileans, men and women (60%). Instead, in Panamá the overestimation is less than 50% in both sexes. The percentage is the same in both countries and both sexes that perceive themselves as they really are (20%). There is concordance between BMI and body image in half of Chilean men and a third of Chilean women. However, a better concordance is observed in overweight students (69% in men, 90,5% in women). In Panamanians, there is a concordance observed of 40% in men and 19,9% in women. Conclusion: There is a tendency for overestimation in normal weight students of both countries. However the obese students tended to underestimate their weight.
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