Nutrients and its association with glycosilated hemoglobin in patients with diabetes type 2 [Asociación entre nutrientes y hemoglobina glicosilada en diabéticos tipo 2]
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Durán Agüero S.
Fernández Godoy E.
Carrasco Piña E.
Introduction: Hyperglycemia is the main characteristic of diabetes (DM). CHO restriction in diet has the greatest effect decreasing blood glucose levels in both type 1 and 2 DM. Objective: To associate intake of macro and micronutrients and metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: 714 type 2 diabetic men and women between 27 and 90 years were interviewed at family health centers of Santiago de Chile. We applied a food survey and an anthropometric assessment. Logistic regression test was performed. The value of the odds ratio (OR) and its confidence interval (CI) was also estimated. Results: The mean BMI was 30.8 ± 5.7 kg/m2, 29.8% of the subjects had HbA1c compensated. Only the high intake of carbohydrates (75 percentile) was associated with an increased risk of elevated HbA1c OR = 2.7 (95% CI 1.5 to 4.8; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The high intake of rapidly absorbed carbohydrates, high in sucrose and low in fiber is associated as a risk factor to increase HbA1c. The total energy intake and healthy eating patterns should be prioritized in the distribution of macronutrients. It is important to seek advice from a nutrition expert specialized in diabetes who, together with the medical team, shall determine the best treatment to meet patients’ individual goals. © 2016, ARAN Ediciones S.A.. All rights reserved.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Nutrients and its association with glycosilated hemoglobin in patients with diabetes type 2 [Asociación entre nutrientes y hemoglobina glicosilada en diabéticos tipo 2] (2020) Durán Agüero S.; Fernández Godoy E.; Carrasco Piña E. (Grupo Aula Medica S.A., 2016)
ReviewDurán Agüero S.; Carrasco Piña E.; Araya Pérez M. (2012)
Glycemic control and oxidative stress markers and their relationship with the thioredoxin interacting protein (Txnip) gene in type 2 diabetic patients [Control Glicémico Y Marcadores De Estrés Oxidativo Y Su Relación Con El Gen De La Proteína Interactuante Con La Tioredoxina (Txnip) En Sujetos Diabéticos Tipo 2] (2020) Guzmán M.A.; Olguín M.A.; Gronhert M.O. (Grupo Aula Medica S.A., 2015)