Use of morphometric analyses to assess the efficacy of the technique of resin composite bonded to cervical dentin with additional mechanical retentions [Uso de análisis morfométrico para evaluar la eficacia de la técnica de resina compuesta unida a dentina cervical con retenciones mecánicas adicionales]
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del Sol M.
The structural changes and morphological derivatives of progressive dentin hypermineralization determine the bonding to its surface. A planimetric study and fracture volume estimate were conducted to assess the efficacy of resin composite bonded to hypermineralized cervical dentin with and without retentions by applying a shear test. Thirty-four premolars from adult patients were used to obtain a flat cervical dentin surface. The specimens were distributed randomly into two groups: 1) experimental, where hemispherical retentions were carved into the cervical dentin, and 2) control, where the flat dentin was maintained. Using a jig, a resin column was built into the dentin surface fitted with bonding in specimens from both groups, which were then subjected to the shear test. The morphological analysis was performed with a microscope while the percentage of remnant surface from each component of the adhesive bond was calculated planimetrically. The volume of lost tissue was determined using Scherle’s method. In the planimetric study, the average remnant resin on the surface was significantly higher in the experimental group and there was less intact dentin in the control group. The volumetric assessment also showed a much higher loss of dentin substrate than the experimental group. Consequently, the complementary use of morphometric and volumetric techniques enables the evaluation of the efficacy of a technique, demonstrating that the inclusion of mechanical retentions in hypermineralized cervical dentin improves the bonding properties. © 2016, Universidad de la Frontera. All rights reserved.
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