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dc.contributor.authorDiez-Fernández A.
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez-Bueno C.
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Vizcaíno V.
dc.contributor.authorSotos-Prieto M.
dc.contributor.authorRecio-Rodríguez J.I.
dc.contributor.authorCavero-Redondo I.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:16:39Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:16:39Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier10.3390/nu11040741
dc.identifier.citation11, 4, -
dc.identifier.issn20726643
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/4276
dc.descriptionThe aim of this review was to determine the relationship between dairy product consumption and arterial stiffness, measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV). We systematically searched the Medline, Embase and Web of Science databases until 30 January 2019 for cross-sectional data from studies addressing the association between dairy product consumption and PWV. This study was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42018110528). Both the inverse-variance fixed effects method and the DerSimonian and Laird method were used to compute pooled estimates of effect size (ES) and the respective 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Seven studies were included in the meta-analysis, with a total of 16,443 patients. Total dairy product (ES = −0.03; 95% CI [−0.04, −0.01]) and cheese (ES = −0.04; 95% CI [−0.07, −0.01]) consumption were weak, but significantly associated with lower PWV levels. Conversely, milk intake showed no significant association with PWV (ES = 0.02; 95% CI [−0.01, 0.05]). Heterogeneity in the ES was not important for the three groups of dairy products assessed. This systematic review and meta-analysis of seven studies found no detrimental effects of dairy product consumption on arterial stiffness measured by PWV. Due to the scarcity of studies, further investigations are warranted to clarify the role of dairy products on arterial stiffness. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.subjectArterial stiffness
dc.subjectDairy product
dc.subjectMeta-analysis
dc.subjectMilk
dc.subjectPulse wave velocity
dc.subjectSystematic review
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectarterial stiffness
dc.subjectcheese
dc.subjectcross-sectional study
dc.subjectdairy product
dc.subjecteffect size
dc.subjectEmbase
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectMedline
dc.subjectmeta analysis
dc.subjectpulse wave
dc.subjectreview
dc.subjectsystematic review
dc.subjectWeb of Science
dc.subjectanimal
dc.subjectarterial stiffness
dc.subjectdiet
dc.subjectdrug effect
dc.subjectmilk
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subjectCheese
dc.subjectDiet
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMilk
dc.subjectVascular Stiffness
dc.titleTotal dairy, cheese and milk intake and arterial stiffness: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies
dc.typeReview


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