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dc.contributor.authorCobo-Cuenca A.I.
dc.contributor.authorGarrido-Miguel M.
dc.contributor.authorSoriano-Cano A.
dc.contributor.authorFerri-Morales A.
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Vizcaíno V.
dc.contributor.authorMartín-Espinosa N.M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:14:55Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:14:55Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier10.3390/nu11112830
dc.identifier.citation11, 11, -
dc.identifier.issn20726643
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/4040
dc.descriptionThe aims of this study were to assess the association of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) with physical fitness and body composition in Spanish university students and to determine the ability to predict the MD adherence of each Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) item. A cross-sectional study was performed involving 310 first-year university students. Adherence to the MD was evaluated with MEDAS-14 items. Anthropometric variables, body composition, and physical fitness were assessed. Muscle strength was determined based on handgrip strength and the standing long jump test. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) was measured using the Course–Navette test. Only 24% of the university students had good adherence to the MD. The ANCOVA models showed a significant difference between participants with high adherence to the MD and those with medium and low adherence in CRF (p = 0.017) and dynamometry (p = 0.005). Logistic binary regression showed that consuming >2 vegetables/day (OR = 20.1; CI: 10.1–30.1; p < 0.001), using olive oil (OR = 10.6; CI: 1.4–19.8; p = 0.021), consuming <3 commercial sweets/week (OR = 10.1; IC: 5.1–19.7; p < 0.001), and consuming ≥3 fruits/day (OR = 8.8; CI: 4.9–15.7; p < 0.001) were the items most associated with high adherence to the MD. In conclusion, a high level of adherence to the MD is associated with high-level muscular fitness and CRF in Spanish university students. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.subjectBody composition
dc.subjectCardiovascular fitness
dc.subjectMediterranean diet
dc.subjectPhysical fitness
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectanthropometric parameters
dc.subjectArticle
dc.subjectbody composition
dc.subjectbody height
dc.subjectbody mass
dc.subjectbody weight
dc.subjectcaloric intake
dc.subjectcarbohydrate intake
dc.subjectcardiorespiratory fitness
dc.subjectcross-sectional study
dc.subjectdual energy X ray absorptiometry
dc.subjectdynamometry
dc.subjectfat intake
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjectfitness
dc.subjectfood frequency questionnaire
dc.subjectgrip strength
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectlifestyle modification
dc.subjectLikert scale
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectMediterranean diet
dc.subjectmuscle strength
dc.subjectobservational study
dc.subjectphysical activity
dc.subjectprotein intake
dc.subjectquestionnaire
dc.subjectSpain
dc.subjectwaist circumference
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectattitude to health
dc.subjectcardiorespiratory fitness
dc.subjectdietary reference intake
dc.subjectfeeding behavior
dc.subjecthealth behavior
dc.subjectnutritional status
dc.subjectnutritional value
dc.subjectpsychology
dc.subjectstudent
dc.subjectuniversity
dc.subjectyoung adult
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectBody Composition
dc.subjectCardiorespiratory Fitness
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subjectDiet, Healthy
dc.subjectDiet, Mediterranean
dc.subjectFeeding Behavior
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHealth Behavior
dc.subjectHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectNutritional Status
dc.subjectNutritive Value
dc.subjectRecommended Dietary Allowances
dc.subjectSpain
dc.subjectStudents
dc.subjectUniversities
dc.subjectYoung Adult
dc.titleAdherence to the mediterranean diet and its association with body composition and physical fitness in Spanish university students
dc.typeArticle


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