Blockade of hemichannels normalizes the differentiation fate of myoblasts and features of skeletal muscles from dysferlin-deficient mice
MetadataShow full item record
Dysferlinopathies are muscle dystrophies caused by mutations in the gene encoding dysferlin, a relevant protein for membrane repair and trafficking. These diseases are untreatable, possibly due to the poor knowledge of relevant molecular targets. Previously, we have shown that human myofibers from patient biopsies as well as myotubes derived from immortalized human myoblasts carrying a mutated form of dysferlin express connexin proteins, but their relevance in myoblasts fate and function remained unknown. In the present work, we found that numerous myoblasts bearing a mutated dysferlin when induced to acquire myogenic commitment express PPARγ, revealing adipogenic instead of myogenic commitment. These cell cultures presented many mononucleated cells with fat accumulation and within 48 h of differentiation formed fewer multinucleated cells. In contrast, dysferlin deficient myoblasts treated with boldine, a connexin hemichannels blocker, neither expressed PPARγ, nor accumulated fat and formed similar amount of multinucleated cells as wild type precursor cells. We recently demonstrated that myofibers of skeletal muscles from blAJ mice (an animal model of dysferlinopathies) express three connexins (Cx39, Cx43, and Cx45) that form functional hemichannels (HCs) in the sarcolemma. In symptomatic blAJ mice, we now show that eight-week treatment with a daily dose of boldine showed a progressive recovery of motor activity reaching normality. At the end of this treatment, skeletal muscles were comparable to those of wild type mice and presented normal CK activity in serum. Myofibers of boldine-treated blAJ mice also showed strong dysferlin-like immunoreactivity. These findings reveal that muscle dysfunction results from a pathophysiologic mechanism triggered by mutated dysferlin and downstream connexin hemichannels expressed de novo lead to a drastic reduction of myogenesis and favor muscle damage. Thus, boldine could represent a therapeutic opportunity to treat dysfernilopathies. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Myofibers deficient in connexins 43 and 45 expression protect mice from skeletal muscle and systemic dysfunction promoted by a dysferlin mutation (2020) Fernández G.; Arias-Bravo G.; Bevilacqua J.A.; Castillo-Ruiz M.; Caviedes P.; Sáez J.C.; Cea L.A. (Elsevier B.V., 2020)
De novo expression of functional connexins 43 and 45 hemichannels increases sarcolemmal permeability of skeletal myofibers during endotoxemia (2020) Cea L.A.; Balboa E.; Vargas A.A.; Puebla C.; Brañes M.C.; Escamilla R.; Regueira T.; Sáez J.C. (Elsevier B.V., 2019)
Prevalence, pathological mechanisms, and genetic basis of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies: A review (2020) Taghizadeh E.; Rezaee M.; Barreto G.E.; Sahebkar A. (Wiley-Liss Inc., 2019)