Virtual reality and its applications in mental disorders: A review [Realidad virtual y sus aplicaciones en trastornos mentales: Una revisión]
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The last two decades have witnessed the emergence of virtual reality (VR) as an important tool for research, evaluation and treatment in mental disorders in mental health, creating interactive environments generated by computer, where individuals can repeatedly experience their problematic situations and learn, through psychological treatments based on evidence, how to overcome difficulties. The purpose of this article is to provide an updated systematic review of the literature on the use of VR in mental health problems. A systematic review was made identifying 245 studies, of which only 29 were used related to RV models, of which 18 corresponded to different disorders (anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, psychosis, eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder) and 11 to empirical studies. From their analysis it is concluded that the ability of the RV to simulate reality could greatly increase access to therapies in mental disorders while the results could be improved by the ability of technology to create new realities. © 2018 Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatria. All rights reserved.
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