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dc.contributor.authorBagherniya M.
dc.contributor.authorButler A.E.
dc.contributor.authorBarreto G.E.
dc.contributor.authorSahebkar A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-02T22:12:55Z
dc.date.available2020-09-02T22:12:55Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier10.1016/j.arr.2018.08.004
dc.identifier.citation47, , 183-197
dc.identifier.issn15681637
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/3670
dc.descriptionAutophagy is a lysosomal degradation process and protective housekeeping mechanism to eliminate damaged organelles, long-lived misfolded proteins and invading pathogens. Autophagy functions to recycle building blocks and energy for cellular renovation and homeostasis, allowing cells to adapt to stress. Modulation of autophagy is a potential therapeutic target for a diverse range of diseases, including metabolic conditions, neurodegenerative diseases, cancers and infectious diseases. Traditionally, food deprivation and calorie restriction (CR) have been considered to slow aging and increase longevity. Since autophagy inhibition attenuates the anti-aging effects of CR, it has been proposed that autophagy plays a substantive role in CR-mediated longevity. Among several stress stimuli inducers of autophagy, fasting and CR are the most potent non-genetic autophagy stimulators, and lack the undesirable side effects associated with alternative interventions. Despite the importance of autophagy, the evidence connecting fasting or CR with autophagy promotion has not previously been reviewed. Therefore, our objective was to weigh the evidence relating the effect of CR or fasting on autophagy promotion. We conclude that both fasting and CR have a role in the upregulation of autophagy, the evidence overwhelmingly suggesting that autophagy is induced in a wide variety of tissues and organs in response to food deprivation. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier Ireland Ltd
dc.subjectAutophagy
dc.subjectCalorie restriction
dc.subjectFasting
dc.subjectaging
dc.subjectautophagy
dc.subjectcaloric restriction
dc.subjectcell stress
dc.subjectfasting
dc.subjectfood deprivation
dc.subjecthomeostasis
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectlongevity
dc.subjectnonhuman
dc.subjectReview
dc.subjectupregulation
dc.subjectanimal
dc.subjectautophagy
dc.subjectcaloric restriction
dc.subjectdegenerative disease
dc.subjectdiet restriction
dc.subjectlysosome
dc.subjectmetabolism
dc.subjectphysiology
dc.subjecttrends
dc.subjectAging
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subjectAutophagy
dc.subjectCaloric Restriction
dc.subjectFasting
dc.subjectFood Deprivation
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectLongevity
dc.subjectLysosomes
dc.subjectNeurodegenerative Diseases
dc.titleThe effect of fasting or calorie restriction on autophagy induction: A review of the literature
dc.typeReview


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