Rational development of a novel hydrogel as a pH-sensitive controlled release system for nifedipine
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Rodriguez Nuñez Y.A.
This work depicts the rational development (in-silico design, synthesis, characterization and in-vitro evaluation) of polyvinyl alcohol hydrogels (PVAH) cross-linked with maleic acid (MA) and linked to γ-cyclodextrin molecules (γ -CDPVAHMA) as systems for the controlled and sustained release of nifedipine (NFD). Through computational studies, the structural blocks (PVA chain + dicarboxylic acid + γ-CD) of 20 different hydrogels were evaluated to test their interaction energies (ΔE) with NFD. According to the DE obtained, the hydrogel cross-linked with maleic acid was selected. To characterize the intermolecular interactions between NFD and γ-CDPVAHMA, molecular dynamics simulation studies were carried out. Experimentally, three hydrogel formulations with different proportions of γ-CD (2.43%, 3.61% and 4.76%) were synthesized and characterized. Both loading and release of NFD from the hydrogels were evaluated at acid and basic pH. The computational and experimental results show that γ-CDs linked to the hydrogels were able to form 1:1 inclusion complexes with NFD molecules. Finally, γ-CDPVAHMA-3 demonstrated to be the best pH-sensitive release platform for nifedipine. Its effectiveness could significantly reduce the adverse effects caused by the anticipated release of NFD in the stomach of patients. © 2018 by the authors.
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