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dc.contributor.authorLatorre-Román, Pedro Ángel
dc.contributor.authorGuzmán-Guzmán, Iris Paola
dc.contributor.authorAntonio Párraga-Montilla, Juan
dc.contributor.authorCaamaño-Navarrete, Felipe
dc.contributor.authorSalas-Sánchez, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorPalomino-Devia, Constanza
dc.contributor.authorReyes-Oyola, Felipe Augusto
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez, Cristian
dc.contributor.authorde la Casa-Pérez, Ana
dc.contributor.authorCardona Linares, Antonio J.
dc.contributor.authorDelgado-Floody, Pedro
dc.date.accessioned2024-04-10T06:12:56Z
dc.date.available2024-04-10T06:12:56Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier10.1111/ijpo.12901
dc.identifier.issn20476302
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12728/10921
dc.description.abstractBackground: Identifying environmental factors that influence health in children are necessary to develop preventive strategies. Objective: To determine the association between the lifestyles of children (i.e., Mediterranean diet (MD), physical activity (PA), fitness and screen time (ST) with abdominal obesity (AO) of preschoolers from three Spanish-speaking countries (Chile, Colombia and Spain) with different socioeconomic levels and Human Development Index (HDI) indicators. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 982 schoolchildren (aged 4–6 years; 56.8% girls) from Chile (n = 409), Colombia (n = 281), and Spain (n = 292). Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WtHR), adherence to the MD, PA, ST and physical fitness were evaluated. Results: Spanish preschoolers reported a lower WtHR (p < 0.001), greater physical fitness (Z-score) (p < 0.001) and higher adherence to the MD (p < 0.001) than their Chilean and Colombian peers. In addition, Colombian preschoolers had a better lifestyle (PA + ST) than their Chilean and Spanish peers (p < 0.001). Chilean preschoolers reported a higher prevalence of AO than the Spanish preschoolers (65% vs. 51.9%; p = 0.001). Conclusion: Lifestyle had a significant association with AO among Spanish-speaking preschool children, with physical fitness especially being a relevant factor regardless of the country of origin. The findings of the current study may support the development of public guidelines focusing on healthy lifestyles in children to create effective plans that contribute to the early treatment of AO in preschool children. © 2022 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of World Obesity Federation.es_ES
dc.language.isoenes_ES
dc.publisherJohn Wiley and Sons Ltdes_ES
dc.subjectcardiorespiratory fitnesses_ES
dc.subjectchildrenes_ES
dc.subjectnutritional leveles_ES
dc.subjectobesityes_ES
dc.subjectphysical activityes_ES
dc.titleHealthy lifestyles and physical fitness are associated with abdominal obesity among Latin-American and Spanish preschool children: A cross-cultural studyes_ES
dc.typeArticlees_ES


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