Cardiac Evaluation of Exercise Testing in a Contemporary Population of Preschool Children: A New Approach Providing Reference Values
MetadataShow full item record
Latorre-Román, Pedro Ángel
Consuegra-González, Pedro José
Párraga-Montilla, Juan A.
The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic function at rest, during maximal exercise, and in post-exercise recovery, to determine sex-specific and age-specific differences in resting heart rate (RHR), linear and spectral parameters of Heart Rate Variability (HRV), HRpeak, and heart rate recovery (HRR) after one and five minutes, in preschool children. This study involved a cohort of 167 healthy children (79 girls) aged 3 to 6 years that were selected from several schools in southern Spain. A 10 × 20 m test was conducted, and the cardiovascular response was recorded. No significant differences were found in all variables between the sexes. However, a significant reduction in RHR and an increase in HRR were found from age 4 to age 6. HRV parameters at rest were higher in older children. No associations between 10 × 20 m performance, weight status, and cardiac parameters were found. Simple linear regression analysis revealed that heart rate reserve (HRr), HRR5 min, RMSSD, and HF were the variables that showed association with all HR parameters. There was also a significant correlation between HRr and HRR5 min. In conclusion, cardiovascular autonomic function during rest, exercise, and recovery in Spanish preschool children was not influenced by sex, although older children showed greater cardiovascular modulation. Cardiorespiratory fitness status was not associated with HR response.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Comprehensive cardiac evaluation to maximal exercise in a contemporary population of prepubertal children (2021) Latorre-Román, Pedro Ángel; Delgado Floody, Pedro; Martínez-Redondo, Melchor; Salas Sánchez, Jesús; Consuegra-González, Pedro José; Aragón-Vela, Jerónimo; Robles-Fuentes, Alejandro; Sarabia-Cachadiña, Elena; Párraga-Montilla, Juan Antonio (Springer Nature, 2021)Background: Heart rate (HR) is a biomarker used to measure physiological function, health status and cardiovascular autonomic function. The purpose of this study was to determine sex- and age-specific reference values for ...
Analysis of dynamic balance in preschool children through the balance beam test: A cross-sectional study providing reference values (2020) Latorre-Román, Pedro Ángel; Martínez-Redondo, Melchor; Párraga-Montilla, Juan Antonio; Lucena-Zurita, Manuel; Manjón-Pozas, Daniel; Consuegra González, Pedro J.; Robles-Fuentes, Alejandro; Cardona-Linares, Antonio José; Keating, Christopher J.; Salas Sánchez, Jesús (Elsevier B.V., 2021-01)Background: dynamic balance (DB) is a complex ability at an early age and balance deficits are related to numerous disorders. There are several balance measures but wide variation in their use has restricted the capacity ...
Complex Gait in Preschool Children in a Dual-Task Paradigm Is Related to Sex and Cognitive Functioning: A Cross-Sectional Study Providing an Innovative Test and Reference Values (2020) Latorre-Román P.Á.; Consuegra González P.J.; Martínez-Redondo M.; Cardona Linares A.J.; Salas-Sánchez J.; Lucena Zurita M.; Manjón Pozas D.; Pérez Jiménez I.; Aragón-Vela J.; García-Pinillos F.; ... (Blackwell Publishing, 2020)